Audio-visual Copying

Posting your own images or photographs online

If you plan to post your own images or photographs online there are a few things you should consider:

1. Always include a copyright statement
2. Put a low resolution version of your image online
3. Consider including a watermark

There is an inherent risk with putting your material on the open web. A copyright owner trusts a user to abide with the relevant rules and regulations applicable, however this does not always happen.

If you believe that somebody has reproduced your copyright material without your permission the first step would be to email them alleging infringement of your material, and requesting that they remove the material and no longer use it, with immediate effect.

Can I make a slide transparency of a photograph in a book for teaching purposes?
No, not unless you either obtain specific permission from the copyright holder, or copy according to the terms of a Design and Artists Copyright Society (DACS) licence for slide collections. As we do not currently have this licence, individual permission would have to be sought in each case.

If you want to make a single copy of a slide transparency for your own non-commercial research or private study, or for illustration for instruction, then you are entitled to do so under “fair dealing”.

Can I share music, video, games and software?”
Peer-to-peer (or P2P) file sharing occurs when individuals distribute files containing music, videos, games, software, etc. over the internet for others to use. Such material is usually protected by copyright and making it available to others over the internet without the owner’s permission is viewed as theft which may have civil consequences (fines) and criminal consequences (jail sentences).

In July 2008 UK Music (formerly British Music Rights) entered into agreements with several of the UK’s biggest Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to monitor the internet and take legal action against those individuals who illegally file share. As recently as August 2008 a UK woman who illegally uploaded games and films onto the internet for file sharing faced fines and costs in court of £16,000.

The University aims to be compliant, and encourages all staff and students to abide by copyright law and also to be mindful of the University’s IT Regulations.

Networked services may only be connected to University systems or services with the authorisation of the LCSS Head of Information Systems or delegated authority. The list of networked services includes, but is not restricted to, web servers, peer-to-peer filesharing software, SFTP, SSH, all remote desktop or remote access services, BITorrent, Kazaa, Kazza, Skype, Gnutella, CuteMX and other similar file sharing systems.

If you have previously, or are currently, file sharing illegal material please stop immediately and delete all illegal files and software from your PC.

The Pro Music website lists many legal download sites and has useful advice on what is and is not legal. The University has licensed a number of collections of music and sound recordings for educational purposes, including Archival Sound Recordings and Film and Sound Online.

YouTube Copyright School
If you link to, reproduce, or download material on YouTube, and also if you upload or add material to YouTube, then you may find this video of interest.

YouTube in the US have developed a short, fun Copyright video explaining what you should and shouldn’t be doing with YouTube content.

Although the US concept of ‘fair use’ does not exist in the UK, we do have quite strict limits on the quantity of copyright material that can be reproduced without the permission of the copyright owner.